December 2, 2021
From Libcom Blog
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无产阶级闹天宫——意大利六七十年代的阶级斗争与理论探索

这一版三卷本包含了意大利马克思主义的“工人主义”流派及其女权批胖的核心文本。所有这些被首次中译的文本,都来自阶级斗争和政治论战在意大利蓬勃发展的1960和1970年代。

电子版愿发表于“工潮
出版社:副本制作

Scroll down for English overview of this three-volume Chinese collection of texts from the Italian 1960s-1970s, on “operaismo and its critique.” Reposted from Gongchao.org.

《无产阶级闹天宫——意大利六七十年代的阶级斗争与理论探索 》(2018)—— 请下载三本书的文件:

无产阶级闹天宫(上) (pdf)
无产阶级闹天宫 (下) (pdf)
我们全都要(小说) (pdf)



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目录

第一卷:无产阶级闹天宫 (上)

工人而非那些外人或许就会有最终决定权
拉尔夫·鲁库斯采访费鲁乔·甘比诺

意大利工人主义年表
圭多·博里奥

机器的资本主义运用(1961)
拉涅罗·潘齐耶里

菲亚特铸造厂的野猫斗争(1964)
罗马诺·阿尔科蒂
列宁在英格兰(1964)
马里奥·特龙蒂

第二卷:无产阶级闹天宫 (下)

计划国家的危机(1971)
安东尼奥·奈格里

政府做老板 工人也能反(1972)
阿尔法·罗密欧汽车厂工人自主大会

妇女与社会翻转(1972)
玛利亚罗莎·达拉·科斯特

反抗家务劳动的工资(1974)
西尔维娅·费德里奇

作为历史范畴的社会-工厂关系(1974)
塞尔焦·博洛尼亚

附录:
理论术语注释
重要人物、组织、刊物、政党注释

第三卷:我们全都要
南尼·巴雷斯特里尼

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序言

这一版三卷本包含了意大利马克思主义的“工人主义”流派(operaismo)及其女权批胖的核心文本。所有这些被首次中译的文本,都来自阶级斗争和政治论战在意大利蓬勃发展的1960和1970年代。

第1卷开篇是对当年曾参与工人主义团体论战的费鲁乔·甘比诺(Ferruccio Gambino)的访谈《工人而非那些外人或许就会有最终决定权》(2018年)。拉涅罗·潘齐耶里(Raniero Panzieri)的《机器的资本主义运用》(《红色手册》,1961年)质疑了正统马克思主义对技术的“中立”性和“社会主义”运用的理解。罗马诺·阿尔夸蒂(Romano Alquati)的《菲亚特铸造厂的野猫斗争》(《工人阶级》,1964年)为理解意大利工厂新兴的阶级构成发展了新的概念和工具。马里奥·特龙蒂(Mario Tronti)的《列宁在英格兰》(《工人阶级》,1964年)呼吁从新视角看待资本主义和革命,并要求首先观察工人斗争的发展,然后再分析争取资本发展的斗争所造成的结果。该卷最后是一份1960和1970年代意大利阶级斗争和工人主义运动的大事年表。

第2卷从安东尼奥·奈格里(Antonio Negri)的《计划国家的危机》(《工人力量》,1971年)开始。奈格里的这篇文章阐释了国家与资本之间的关系,以及资本对于社会各层面的渗透。《政府做老板 工人也能反》(1973年)描述了1971和1972年阿尔法·罗密欧公司汽车工人的斗争。塞尔焦•博洛尼亚(Sergio Bologna)的《作为历史范畴的社会–工厂关系》(《五一》,1974年)对建立一种新型的工人阶级历史编篡学做了探讨。玛丽亚罗莎·达拉·科斯塔(Mariarosa Dalla Costa)的《妇女与社会颠覆》(1972年)批评传统马克思主义偏重于工资劳动,强调了妇女斗争以及(大部分是无工资的)再生产劳动的重要性。西尔维娅·费德里奇(Silvia Federici)的政治小册子《反抗家务劳动的工资》(1974年)要求承认妇女劳动,并推崇激进地重新定义性别关系。该卷末尾是一份词汇表,它简要地解释了工人主义术语,并介绍了参与当时阶级斗争和论战的个人、团体以及组织。词汇表所释术语和名称在第1、2和3卷中以星号(*)标出。

第3卷包含了作家南尼·巴莱斯特里尼(Nanni Balestrini)根据阿方索·纳泰拉(Alfonso Natella)个人叙述创作的小说《我们全都要》(1969年)。纳泰拉当年是一名来自南意大利的移民工人,参与了菲亚特汽车厂的野猫罢工。作为这篇小说的引言,我们截取了最近对阿方索·纳泰拉访谈的片段 《它是我的故事》(2018年)。

我们计划在不久的将来,出版更多卷次。其中一卷将包含讨论头三卷所涉斗争和理论的中文文章和译文。之后的卷次可能涉及其他异端马克思主义流派,如“社会主义还是野蛮状态”(Socialisme ou Barbarie,法国)以及“约翰逊-福里斯特趋势”(Johnson-Forest-Tendency,美国)。

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Operaismo and Its Critique: Overview of the Chinese Book Project
For links and other related documents in English and Chinese, go to: Gongchao.org.

The Italian Marxist current operaismo (workerism) developed out of the social conflicts of the 1950s and 1960s and the failure of the contemporary socialist and communist parties to analyze and understand the changes of class politics at the time.

The legacy of operaismo is not an encapsulated political ideology but rather a set of experiences, tools and methods of analysis and intervention into class struggle that the protagonists developed to regain an understanding of class struggles in Italy – and to be able to participate.

The similarity of Italy’s development in the 1950s and 1960s (that brought about operaismo) is striking when compared to China’s 1990s and 2000s: rapid industrialization, changing relations of production, new industrial technologies, mass internal migration, the making of a new class composition, increasing numbers of strikes and other forms of labor unrest, and the change of the situation of women.

That is why we think that the concepts and experience of Italian operaisti would be an inspiring contribution to the debate on Marxist thought and social conflicts in China and do help with the understanding of processes of class composition there.

So we, a circle of people from several continents, initiated this project to translate and publish central texts from operaismo – as well as critical contributions from a feminist perspective – in Chinese.

A first compilation of such texts was published in Chinese as a book in late 2017, and the Chinese translation of several articles appeared in 2018 (all documented on the Chinese project page: 工人主义及其批判).

Two more volumes were published in November 2018 under the title “The Proletariat Goes to Paradise: Class Struggle and Theoretical Exploration in Italy’s 1960s and 1970s” and include these texts:

Raniero Panzieri. The Capitalist Use of Machinery, 1961:
机器的资本主义运用
Mario Tronti. Lenin in England, 1964:
列宁在英格兰
Romano Alquati. Struggle at FIAT, 1964:
菲亚特铸造厂的野猫斗争
Mariarosa Dalla Costa. Women and the Subversion of Society, 1971:
妇女与社会颠覆
Antonio Negri. Crisis of the Planner-State, 1971:
计划国家的危机
Sergio Bologna. The factory-society relationship as an historical category, 1974:
作为历史范畴的社会–工厂关系
Silvia Federici.(Wages Against Housework, 1975:
反抗家务劳动的工资
Autonomous Assembly of Alfa Romeo. Against the state as boss, 1973:
政府做老板 工人也能反

As an introduction for these volumes we conducted an interview with Ferruccio Gambino (2018: 工人而非那些外人或许就会有最终决定权) that we also document in English here: “The workers may have the last word, not those who are on the outside“.

Another volume includes the Chinese translation of Nanni Balestrini’s novel “Vogliamo tutto” (1971; We want everything) which is, actually, based on interviews Balestrini conducted with a worker from southern Italy who was involved in wildcat strikes and other protests in the late 1960s in Turin and other cities in the north. His name is Alfonso Natella. We conducted a short interview with him in early 2018 (它是我的故事) which serves as an introduction to the Chinese edition. Here is the interview with Alfonso in English: “It is my story“.

Guido Borio wrote a chronology of operaismo and class struggles in Italy in the 1960s and 1970s (documented here in English and Chinese), and we added two glossaries with explanations on the most important terms and actors (glossary of terms documented here in Chinese).

Attachment Size
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YIDALI-LIUQISHINIANDAI-DE-JIEJIDOUZHENG-YU-LILUNTANSUO_2018_2_Wuchanjieji_nao_tiangong_xia.pdf 1.44 MB
YIDALI-LIUQISHINIANDAI-DE-JIEJIDOUZHENG-YU-LILUNTANSUO_2018_3_Women_quandou_yao.pdf 1.13 MB
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Source: Libcom.org