In May 1921, most of the anarchist clubs in Moscow were closed by the Bolshevik authorities as a result of mass arrests of members of anarchist groups. During the same month, 66 repressive operations against the anarchists took place in the country’s capital. At least one of them – a group of anarchists led by Ivan Kruglov, worked at Moscow Machine-Building Plant No. 5 (formerly Bromley).
In May 1921, the Bolshevik authorities closed most of the anarchist clubs in Moscow as a result of the mass arrests of members of anarchist groups.
During the same month, 66 repressive operations were carried out against the anarchists in the country’s capital. At least one of them – a group of anarchists led by Ivan Kruglov, worked at Moscow Machine-Building Plant No. 5 (formerly Bromley).
In Omsk, about 30 members of the region’s Anarchist Federation were released. They were arrested a month earlier, in April. During the liberation, it was suggested by the Siberian Office of the Central Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan not to give these anarchists political and other rights. Nevertheless, in the same month, most of those released, led by Siberian anarchist veteran Yevtikhiy Klyuev, formed a new anarchist group in Omsk with a clear agenda. There was also a minority formed by a group of Ecumenical Anarchists who demanded the legalization and return of their library confiscated during the arrests that same month.
The action of the anarchist group led by Ivan Novoselov resumed in the village of Sorokino in the Barnaulsky district of Altai province.
The First Ukrainian Meeting of the Bolshevik Party adopted decrees to strengthen the party leadership and to attend military seminars and other activities for the “fight against robbery”, ie the revolutionary movement. Relevant documents show that training was provided for the formation of strike teams, the development and implementation of plans for the disarmament of a village, the isolation of “gangs”, the organization of self-defense units, intelligence services and more.
In May 1921, 353 rebels and 1,352 deserters, mostly former Makhnovites, surrendered in the province of Ekaterinoslav. Among other things, the former head of the secret services of the Revolutionary Army of Ukraine, Feodosius Vinnik, surrendered under amnesty. In exchange for saving his life, he immediately offered the Czech men any of his services, including the organization of Makhno’s assassination.
In the neighboring province of Zaporizhzhya, in May 1921, a group of former Makhnovites who had benefited from the amnesty called on the guerrillas to surrender their weapons.
On the same days, one of the commanders of the Makhnovit army, Philip Mikheevich Krat (1886-1921), who came from a rural family in Walkfield, was killed. Anarchist communist since 1907. In his youth, he worked in factories. In the spring of 1917, he was elected secretary of the communist organization in Gulyay-Pole, and was also a member of the Gulyay-Pole trade union. He joined Makhnovtsina in November 1918, and became commander of the 3rd Zadneprov Brigade and the Ukrainian Revolutionary Army (RPAU) in the late 1919s to early 1920s. .
Krat was killed along with the villager Gulyaypol Tyhenko (his real name and year of birth remain unknown), who in the autumn of 1918 fought on the front lines near the villages of Pologi and Tsarekonstantinovka. Later, he served as head of the supply department at the headquarters of the 3rd Zadneprovsky Brigade and the RPAU staff.
In the same month, May 1921, Nikita Chaly was shot dead in the province of Ekaterinoslav. He was a young farmer from the village of Zalivnoye in Alexandrovsky County, Ekaterinoslav Province. He lived in Gulyay, where he joined the anarcho-communists in 1917. From the autumn of 191 he was co-commander of the 3rd Zadneprovsky Brigade of the RPAU. According to Machnos, he performed all his duties excellently at our headquarters in the Bolshemikhailovka (Dibrovka) area. Eventually, he joined the Russian army with a number of hundreds of fighters. By the way, Chaly is considered to be the main source of information about Makhno for Colonel Gerasimenko, who began writing The Belogovardian Notes, a collection of the most ridiculous rumors about Makhno and Makhno’s personality. In October 1920 Chaly learned of the true attitude of the RPAU (Makhnovist army) towards Wrangel, wanted to reunite and received forgiveness from his comrades. He participated in various struggles, while creating new divisions of the Makhnovit army. After violating the second military-political agreement with the Bolsheviks in late November 1920, he fought against them in Alexandr County until he was arrested.
Despite the problems, Makhnovtsina continued to fight. In the same province of Zaporizhzhya, in May 1921, guerrillas killed more than 200 Bolshevik officials and police.
And something about the Russian and Ukrainian anarchists who emigrated, mainly to the United States at that time. In May 1921, a group of Russian anarcho-communists in New York published the only issue of Call of Anarchists in memory of Peter Alekseevich Kropotkin. The 4th issue of the “monthly communist anarchist organ”, as it presented itself, of Wave magazine was published the same month. The version was moved from Cleveland to Detroit. The great concern of the publishers of “Wave” was the process of forming a Federation of Russian Anarcho-Communist groups in the United States and Canada.
* Source: Anatoly Dubovik. Translation: Neither God nor Master.