Malcolm X, “Educate Our People in the Science of Politics,” Malcolm X: The Final Speeches, February 1965, edited by Steve Clark (New York: Pathfinder Press, 1992), 90.
 Corey Robin, The Reactionary Mind: Conservatism from Edmund Burke to Donald Trump (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018), 190.
 Reinhold Niebuhr, Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1960), 42–43.
 See Robert A. Pape, “What an Analysis of 377 Americans Arrested or Charged in the Capitol Insurrection Tells Us,” Washington Post (April 7, 2021); and Dartagnan, “Study Indicates the Capitol Riots were Motivated by Racism and White Resentment, not ‘Election Theft,’” Black Agenda Report (April 21, 2021), <https://www.blackagendareport.com/study-indicates-capitol-riots-were-motivated-racism-and-white-resentment-not-election-theft>.
 Domenico Losurdo, War and Revolution: Rethinking the 20th Century, translated by Gregory Elliott (London: Verso, 2015), 156.
 See Paul Hanebrink, A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth of Judeo-Bolshevism (Cambridge, Ma.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2018).
 For details on Nolte and the wider revisionism to which he contributed, see Geoff Eley, “Nazism, Politics and the Image of the Past: Thoughts on the West German Historikerstreit, 1986–1987,” Past & Present 121 (1988), 171–208, as well as Losurdo, War and Revolution, and Hanebrink, A Specter Haunting Europe.
 It is from this wider revisionism that pro-Israel smears derive their strength, as Amnon Raz-Krakotzkin argues in “Benjamin, the Holocaust, and the Question of Palestine,” in The Holocaust and the Nakba: A New Grammar of Trauma and History, edited by Bashir Bashir and Amos Goldberg (New York: Columbia University Press, 2018), 79–91. For just how little this style of revisionism has to do with principled memory of the Nazi holocaust, see Peter Novick, The Holocaust in American Life (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999).
 See, respectively, Allison Kaplan Sommer, “Israel’s Justice Minister Sprays Herself with ‘Fascism’ Perfume in Provocative Campaign Ad,” Haaretz (March 18, 2019); and Tucker Carlson, Fox News Channel: Tucker Carlson Tonight (March 25, 2021), with video sampled at <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8H4-IQr-04E>.
 As widely reported: see Ruben Naravette Jr., “Bibi Bombs in Dallas,” Washington Post (April 20, 2002).
 See, with video, Tim Hains, “Tucker Carlson Cites ADL’s Statements on Arabs in Israel to Defend his Position on Mass Illegal Immigration in US,” Real Clear Politics (April 13, 2021), <https://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2021/04/13/tucker_carlson_cites_adls_statements_on_arabs_in_israel_after_they_call_for_him_to_be_fired_for_racism.html>.
 See David Theo Goldberg, “The War on Critical Race Theory,” Boston Review (May 7, 2021), <http://bostonreview.net/race-politics/david-theo-goldberg-war-critical-race-theory>.
 See IHRA, “Working Definition of Antisemitism,” <https://www.holocaustremembrance.com/resources/working-definitions-charters/working-definition-antisemitism>.
 This is recorded in piles of books, not least one written by Jabotinsky’s most loyal biographer: Joseph B. Schechtman, Figher and Prophet: The Vladimir Jabotinsky Story (New York: T. Yoseloff, 1956), 248.
 Kahanist politics were compared with Ku Klux Klan politics as early as 1969 by at least one US Jewish communal leader, due to the anti-Black activity of Kahane’s Jewish Defense League (JDL); the comparison was made by Rabbi Maurice Eisendrath, then president of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations. See “Defense League Scored by Rabbi: He Likens Group to Whites in ‘Robes and Hoods,’” New York Times (May 18, 1969).
 Batya Ungar-Sargon, “Netanyahu Just Invited Israel’s Equivalent of the KKK to Join the Government,” The Forward (February 20, 2019).
 The first quote is from David M. Halbfinger, “Israel’s Leader Stakes his Fate on Racist Party,” New York Times (February 25, 2019); the direct quotes from Rabbi Lau are from TOI Staff, “Prominent Rabbi Likens Vote for Otzma Yehudit to Backing Nuremberg Laws,” The Times of Israel (February 23, 2019).
 Kahane’s speech was reported at the time by No’omi Cohen in a local newspaper, Kolbo Haifa. This and other passages from it are reproduced in Robert I. Friedman, “The Sayings of Rabbi Kahane,” New York Review (February 13, 1986), <https://www.nybooks.com/articles/1986/02/13/the-sayings-of-rabbi-kahane/>.
 Meir Kahane, “The Special Halachic Status of the Palestinians,” in Beyond Words: Selected Writings, 1960–1990, Vol. 7 (Jerusalem: Institute for the Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane, 2010), 104.
 Jacob Magid, “Far-Right MK: Meir Kahane Suffered ‘Character Assassination’ by the Media,” Times of Israel (April 26, 2021).
 Tal Schneider, “Anyone but Ben Gvir: One Man’s Mission to Keep a Kahanist out of the Knesset,” Times of Israel (March 17, 2021).
 Nir Hasson, “‘We’re Burning Arabs Today’: Jewish Supremacists Gear up for Jerusalem March,” Haaretz (April 22, 2021).
 After the distinguished Israeli philosopher Yeshayahu Leibowitz made this comparison from an anti-racist perspective, the well-known journalist Amos Oz interviewed a far-right settler who embraced the Nazi label. He said: “That’s right: Judeo-Nazis. Leibowitz was right. And why not? Why the hell not? . . . Fact: Himmler and Heydrich and Eichmann’s grandchildren live well.” This quote is from Amos Oz, In the Land of Israel, translated by Maurie Goldberg-Bartura (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983), 94.
 Yehuda Nuriel, “The monsters in our midst,” Yedioth Ahronoth (June 22, 2018).
 Ali Abunimah and Tamara Nassar, “‘Today we are Nazis,” says Member of Israeli Jewish Extremist Group,” Electronic Intifada (May 19, 2021), <https://electronicintifada.net/content/today-we-are-nazis-says-member-israeli-jewish-extremist-group/33081>.
 For Ben-Gvir’s opposition to being called a Nazi, see Gil Hoffman, “Religious Leader Rabbi Lau: A Vote for Bayit Yehudi is a Vote for Nazism,” Jerusalem Post (February 23, 2019); and Rogel Alpher, “Judeo-Nazis in Prime Time,” Haaretz (April 18, 2021).
 Meir Kahane, “The State of Israel vs. Meir Kahane,” in Beyond Words, Vol. 7, 47 & 51.
 “Israeli Army Chief Says Applying ‘Chemotherapy’ to Palestinian ‘Cancer,’” Agence France Press (August 30, 2002).
 US Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 <https://archive.org/details/DecOfIndy>.
 Lothrop Stoddard, The Revolt Against Civilization: The Menace of the Under Man (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1922), 175, <https://archive.org/details/revoltagainstciv00stod>. This was the book that introduced the concept of “Under Man,” or Untermensch, into the fascist lexicon.
 Federico Finchelstein, A Brief History of Fascist Lies (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2020), 3.
 For casualty figures, see United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), “Key Figures on the 2014 Hostilities,” OCHA (June 23, 2015), <https://www.ochaopt.org/content/key-figures-2014-hostilities>. For Gantz’s boasts, see Yoav Galai, “Israel: How Benny Gantz’s Campaign Has Turned State Violence and Dead Palestinians into Political Capital,” The Conversation (March 27, 2019), <https://theconversation.com/israel-how-benny-gantzs-campaign-has-turned-state-violence-and-dead-palestinians-into-political-capital-113145>.
 See Tamara Nassar, “Israel Vows That ‘Gaza Will Burn,’” Electronic Intifada (May 13, 2021), <https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/tamara-nassar/israel-vows-gaza-will-burn>.
 Quoted in Keith P. Feldman, A Shadow Over Palestine: The Imperial Life of Race in America (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2015), 54.
 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, Vol. 1, translated by John Lees (London: John Lane, 1910), 368.
 For Céline’s prattle about the racial war of “Juifs négroïdes contre Blancs,” see Hanebrink, Specter Haunting Europe, 109.
 See George L. Mosse, Toward the Final Solution: A History of European Racism (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985), 82–83.
 See Glen Ford, “American Exceptionalism = Mass Murder,” Black Agenda Report (August 8, 2019), <https://www.blackagendareport.com/american-exceptionalism-mass-murder>.
 Frantz Fanon, “Racism and Culture,” in Toward the African Revolution, translated by Haakon Chevalier (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1967), 37. The original copy of this classical speech, with its interwoven challenge to colonial and anti-Jewish racisms, is available with other proceedings of the First Congress of Negro Writers and Artists (Paris, 1956) in the June–November 1956 edition of Présence Africaine.
 See note 7, above.
 See note 8, above.
 I quote from a book-length tribute to the ruse; see Gil Troy, Moynihan’s Moment: America’s Fight Against Zionism as Racism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), 213.
 See TOI Staff, “US Neo-Nazis: Netanyahu Is Right About Hitler and the Jews,” Times of Israel (October 23, 2015); and Finchelstein, Brief History of Fascist Lies, 97–98.
 See Peter Kihss, “Moynihan Scores Ethnic Quota Idea,” New York Times (June 5, 1968).
 Henry Schwarzschild, “Jews and Civil Rights,” Jewish Advocate (October 8, 1964).
 Nathan Glazer, “Blacks, Jews & the Intellectuals,” Commentary 47, no. 4 (1969), 34.
 In callous service to power, Glazer alleged that the Black Panther Party was coming for US police just as the Nazis had come for Jews: “the Black Panthers believe that the gun is the only solution to problems, that policemen are ‘pigs,’ and that to kill them is not murder (just as to kill Jewish ‘swine’ was not murder to Nazis)”; Glazer, “Blacks, Jews & the Intellectuals,” 36. This nonsense deserves no response. For actual analysis of the figure of the ‘pig’ and the Panther response to popular fears of police violence, see Donna Jean Murch, Living for the City: Migration, Education, and the Rise of the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2010), 135–137.
 Robert I. Friedman, The False Prophet: Rabbi Meir Kahane, from FBI Informant to Knesset Member (New York: Lawrence Hill Books, 1990), 10.
 As quoted in Stan Fischler, “Not-So-Nice Jewish boys Cause a Stir,” The Sun [Baltimore] (January 24, 1971).
 See note 47, above.
 As quoted in Novick, The Holocaust in American Life, 73. See also Steven Salaita, The Holy Land in Transit: Colonialism and the Quest for Canaan (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2006).
 This legacy is unpacked in Anthea Butler, White Evangelical Racism: The Politics of Morality in America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2021).
 Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States (Boston: Beacon Press, 2014), 36.
 1 Samuel 15:3.
 For details on how Zionism and the State of Israel break with Jewish tradition, see Yakov M. Rabkin, What is Modern Israel?, translated by Fred. A Reed (London: Pluto Press, 2016).
 As quoted in John Corrigan, “Amalek and the Rhetoric of Extermination,” in The First Prejudice: Religious Tolerance and Intolerance in Early America, edited by Chris Beneke and Christoper S. Grenda (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 70. I refer again with the utmost respect to Salaita, Holy Land in Transit.
 As quoted in David Hirst, The Gun and the Olive Branch: The Roots of Violence in the Middle East (New York: Nations Books, 2003), 327.
 Kahane, “Saulism,” in Beyond Words, Vol. 7, 104.
 Gerald Horne, The Apocalypse of Settler Colonialism: The Roots of Slavery, White Supremacy, and Capitalism in Seventeenth-Century North America and the Caribbean (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2018), 29.
 For context and details, see Thomas C. Holt, The Problem of Freedom: Race, Labor and Politics in Jamaica and Britain, 1832–1938 (Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1992). To quote briefly from page 302, concerning the horrors of 1865: “When the final tallies of the government’s repression were made, they revealed that a terrible vengeance had been unleased: 439 dead, hundreds flogged, and 1,000 houses burned. . . . Despite orders for restraint, people were flogged with whips made of twisted, knotted wires, and scores were shot or hung after drumhead court-martials. Commanders were quite explicit about the objective of official violence: they intended to instill terror.”
 Bernard Semmel, Imperialism and Social Reform: English Social-Imperial Thought, 1895–1914 (London: George Allen & Unwin), 30.
 Clinton Rossiter, “The American Mission,” The American Scholar 20, no. 1 (1950–51), 23.
 Aimé Césaire, Discourse on Colonialism, translated by Joan Pinkham (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2000), 36.
 The results are surveyed in Howard Winant, The World is a Ghetto: Race and Democracy Since World War II (New York: Basic Books, 2001); and Jodi Melamed, Represent and Destroy: Rationalizing Violence in the New Racial Capitalism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011).
 Once again, Novick, The Holocaust in American Life shows how little this had to do with principled holocaust memories, as does, with more impressionistic commentary and a sharpened focus on Palestine, Yitzhak Laor, The Myths of Liberal Zionism (London: Verso, 2009), as originally published by France’s leading anti-racist publishing house: Yitzhak Laor, Le nouveau philosémitisme européen et le ‘camp de la paix’ en Israël (Paris: La Fabrique éditions, 2007). See also note 8.
 For details on the breadth of anti-colonial support for Palestinians, see A.W. Singham and Shirley Hune, Non-alignment in an Age of Alignments (Harare: The College Press, 1986); Odette Jankowitsch and Karl P. Sauvant, The Third World Without Superpowers: The Collected Documents of the Non-Aligned Movement (Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1978–1993); and the more Palestine-focused analysis of G.H. Jansen, Zionism, Israel and Asian Nationalism (Beirut: Institute of Palestine Studies, 1971).
 Césaire, Discourse on Colonialism, 32.
 As quoted in Sherene Razack, “Geopolitics, Culture Clash, and Gender After September 11,” Social Justice 32, no. 4 (2005), 20.
 Catherine R. Squires, “Epilogue Incantation,” in Racism Postrace, edited by Roopali Mukherjee, Sarah Banet-Weiser, and Herman Gray (Durham: Duke University Press, 2019), 284.
 Cuires, “Epilogue Incantation,” 285.
 Malcolm X, “Science of Politics,” 89.
 Tucker Carlson, Fox News Channel: Tucker Carlson Tonight (March 24, 2021).
 See Jonathan Lis, “Rivlin Condemns ‘Pogroms’ by Israeli Arabs, Netanyahu Touts ‘Iron Fist’ to Quell Unrest,” Haaretz (May 12, 2021). As contrasted with the reality detailed by David Sheen, “How a Fascist Party Brought into Israel’s Parliament by Netanyahu Helped Him Start the War he Wanted,” Gray Zone (May 26, 2021), <https://thegrayzone.com/2021/05/26/fascist-party-netanyahu-israels-parliament-war/>.
 As quoted in Marianna Sotomayor, “Rep. Green Aggressively Confronts Rep. Ocasio-Cortez Causing New York Congresswoman to Raise Security Concerns,” Washington Post (May 14, 2021).
 Asa Winstanley, “At London Israel Demo, Calls to ‘Burn’ Palestinian Villages,” Electronic Intifada (June 1, 2021), <https://electronicintifada.net/content/london-israel-demo-calls-burn-palestinian-villages/33281>.