This text presents a brief reflection, elaborated from an anarchist perspective, on the recent socio-political situation in Afghanistan. This presents an analysis of the offensive of the fundamentalist insurgency, the end of the US occupation, the 40 years of civil war and imperialist intervention, and the need to show solidarity with the refugees and support popular resistance.
The offensive of the fundamentalist and reactionary insurgency
Kabul has fallen. The Islamic State of Afghanistan under Ashraf Ghani, armed and financed by the occupation forces of the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has disintegrated in a shameful and rapid way, while the insurgents of the Islamic Emirate from Afghanistan have entered the capital on August 15, without firing another shot.
The Islamic fundamentalist forces of the Taliban, called the students of the Koran, have succeeded in capturing anti-American sentiment from significant swaths of the population, while taking refuge in the mass production of Opium for the growing Western market, in addition to being financed by the autocracies of Qatar, and supported by the Armed Forces of Pakistan and Iran. The Taliban have thus become the dominant power over the territory, with levels of control still above those they acquired in the late 1990s when they formally ruled the country.
The capture of the capital follows a general offensive by reactionary insurgents, which began on May 1 of this year, which took advantage of the unpopularity and weakness of the government due to corruption and the economic crisis, an offensive in which the Taliban ended conquer in less than 3 months about half the country.
This is also within the framework of the 2020 Doha peace accords with a strong colonial flavor, signed between their representatives and the government of the United States at the head of Donald Trump, without the assistance of the Afghan government, to agree to withdraw in 14 months of US troops, an agreement that encouraged the armed activity of the jihadists. All this, in a state of general rise of this force of ultra-conservative political Islamism since 2014, an activity that included many war crimes against civilians, precisely in the year that the fallacious end of direct NATO intervention in the State was proclaimed.
The end of the corrupt American occupation
On the other hand, the United States, which maintained its cruel occupation of the country for about 20 years, maintained even after the fall of the Afghan government, its illegal control of key infrastructures such as the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, a place where painful scenes were presented. of anguish of the refugees and a bloody attack by the Islamic State of Greater Khorasan, a terrorist organization financed by the Turkish State.
In these two decades, under 4 North American presidencies, such as the administrations of George Bush Jr., Barack Obama, Donald Trump and now Joe Biden, with the closed bipartisan support and with the concert of the European Union and NATO, the northern empire committed crimes against humanity that I later seek to cover up such as the illegal arrests and torture committed in the Bagram military prison or the bombings and deaths of hundreds of civilians over the years throughout the country.
The entire US occupation policy was related at the same time, with a deep network of corruption that began in Washington and extended to Kabul, and in the construction of a new state power based on authoritarian local warlords (who today betray them en masse), a civil security program with a key component of militarization and activity by subcontracted international mercenary forces, acting outside the Afghan law, as well as an investment plan in privatized and precarious infrastructure.
40 years of civil war and imperialist intervention
Afghanistan thus faced a bloody 40-year civil war, a mixed responsibility of both religious fundamentalists and imperialist interventions, a confrontation that may continue in the near future as evidenced by the fighting currently taking place in Panshir and Russia’s calls to the intervention.
The first cycle of this war was sustained by the Mujahidin forces, financed by the United States, Western Europe and the absolutist monarchies of the Arabian Peninsula, against the socialist forces of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, in power since the Saur Revolution of 1978 , which worsened with the authoritarian intervention of the Soviet Union in 1980. The fight against the communists in Afghanistan that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) organized under the name of Operation Cyclone, turned into a jihad, a religious war of conquest , which brought together Mohammedan extremists from all over the world, where the rebel forces, massively financed by the heroin trade, systematically used terrorist methods against the civilian population, always being transported, armed,trained and financed in military, logistical and political aspects by the United States, a country where the neo-conservative President Regan called the jihadists, with the permission of the business press, “freedom fighters.”
After the end of the Soviet occupation in 1989, and after the continuation of the imperial intervention of the western countries, the second cycle of the war developed after the overthrow of the nationalist government since 1992, between different reactionary Islamic factions of the first Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. It was these factions that ended up plunging the country into misery, and managed to impose a brutal setback, unparalleled in the modern history of the country, of the freedoms of women and ethnic minorities, with the veiled support of the United States, Europe. Occidental and its Arab allies, who today blatantly display their supposed concern for human rights.
Later, the third cycle of conflict, appeared since 1996 between the Taliban who seized power and the forces that opposed them, led by the so-called Northern Alliance. The longest of these confrontations and the fifth period of war occurred, however, after the invasion of the United States and its allies in October 2001, and the installation of a colonial state sustained by international occupation, action to which the Taliban brutally resisted, supported by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.
Solidarity with refugees and support popular resistance
Today, the occupying States that withdraw defeated from Afghanistan, have at least the responsibility of welcoming the entire Afghan population that seeks refuge outside the country, and not only their direct collaborators in military operations, peppered with war crimes, as they have done. intended so far. As always, we must defend the principle of welcoming and welcoming refugees, demanding the continuation of humanitarian flights and the reopening of the borders, starting with the border with Pakistan, a State so willing to military intervention by mercenaries and so closed to humanitarian aid to victims.
Likewise, it is important to mobilize to pressure multinational companies from the military, energy and civil sectors, from the United States and Europe, which enriched themselves with the US occupation and promoted corruption, fighting for them to pay back part of what they have deprived and finance aid to refugees.
There are already multiple expressions of resistance from various civilian forces and women’s groups in the streets of the country, such as the mobilizations of August 19, suppressed by gunfire by the new Taliban authorities, which will find an important and renewed popular resistance, resistance that we must support and accompany.
The perspective of the fight against the Taliban and the reactionary religious fundamentalists must also include the fight against all the autocracies of the Persian Gulf, allies of the United States and Europe, the playground of the international bourgeoisie, and the scene of brutal oppression against the migrant working class. , women and sexual dissidents. This struggle for an autonomous, multi-ethnic and multicultural Middle East can learn from the proposal of democratic confederalism and the experience of autonomy and self-government led by the Kurdish people in Rojava.
Religious fundamentalism and imperialism have bled the country. Today the new popular resistance against Taliban rule, led by women, who we think should seek radical autonomy from all imperial powers, seems to be the only hope for their people.
Libertarian Group Via Libre