April 21, 2021
From Spectre Journal
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[1] Ward Churchill, “The Other Kind: On the Integrity, Consistency, and Humanity of Jalil Abdul Muntaqim.” Escaping the Prism. Kersplebedeb Publishing, pg. 191

[2] Safiya Bukhari-Alston, The War Before, 20

[3] Zimroth, Peter L. Perversions of Justice: The Prosecution and Acquittal of the Panther 21. Viking Press, 1974, 23

[4] Look for me in the Whirlwind; Assata 51 & 205

[5] Kempton, Murray. The Briar Patch: The People of the State of New York V. Lumumba Shakur Et Al. New York: E.P. Dutton Co., Inc, 1973, 1973, 115

[6] Willie Wright, “”Free the Land!”: Exploring the Spatial and Political Legacies of the Republic of New Afrika in Detroit, Michigan and Jackson, Mississippi,”  (2017). Edward Onaci, Free the Land: The Republic of New Afrika and the Pursuit of a Black Nation-state (The University of North Carolina Press, 2020).

[7] “People’s Tribunal,” The Black Panther. Vol 4. No. 30. June 27, 1970, 12. Franziska Meister, Racism and Resistance: How the Black Panthers Challenged White Supremacy, vol. 43 (transcript Verlag, 2017), 66-67.

[8] Dhoruba bin-Wahad in conversation with author, June 29, 2020.; “Revolutionary People’s Plenary Session,” The Black Panther, Vol. 5 No. 10, September 5, 1970, 11.

[9] Assorted coverage of the Panther 21. The Black Panther, Vol 3. No. 8, June 14, 1969; William Bronston, M.D. “New York’s Tombs of Torture.” The Black Panther, Vol. 3. No. 19, August 30, 1969, 8. Marva Berry, “To Concerned Personnel of the Tombs.” The Black Panther, Vol 3. No. 20, September 06, 1969, 3; Marva Berry, “Brother From the 21,” The Black Panther Vol. 4 No. 8, January 24, 1970, 3.

[10] ibid

[11] ibid

[12] Burton, Orisanmi. “Organized Disorder: The New York City Jail Rebellion of 1970.” The Black Scholar 48, no. 4 (2018): 28-42.

[13] Fernández, Johanna. The Young Lords: A Radical History. UNC Press Books, 2019.

[14] Burton, Organized Disorder; Losier, Toussaint. “Against ‘Law and Order’lockup: The 1970 Nyc Jail Rebellions.” Race & Class 59, no. 1 (2017): 3-35.

[15] Burton, Organized Disorder.

[16] Chevigny, Paul. Cops and Rebels: A Study of Provocation. [1st ed. New York,: Pantheon Books, 1972., 221

[17] Donner, Frank. Protectors of Privilege: Red Squads and Police Repression in Urban America. Univ of California Press, 1992, 182

[18] Kempton, Murray. The Briar Patch: The People of the State of New York V. Lumumba Shakur Et Al. New York: E.P. Dutton Co., Inc, 1973, 1973; Zimroth, Peter L. Perversions of Justice: The Prosecution and Acquittal of the Panther 21. Viking Press, 1974, 23

[19] Kennebeck, Edwin. Juror Number Four: The Trial of Thirteen Black Panthers as Seen from the Jury Box. New York, NY: Norton, 1973, 171

[20] Look for me in the Whirlwind; Assata

[21] Kaba, Mariame. We Do This ’Til We Free Us: Abolitionist Organizing and Transforming Justice, edited by Tamara K.  Nopper. Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books, 2021.

[22] Dhoruba bin-Wahad in conversation with author 2020.




Source: Spectrejournal.com